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TEGGIANO (anc. Tegianum, formerly called Diano), a town
located in Campania Italy, in the province of Salerno, 45 m. S.E. of that
town. Pop. (1901) 5095. It is situated 2090 ft. above sea-level on
an isolated eminence above the upper part of the valley of the Negro
(anc. Tanager), to which it gives the name of Val di Diano. It
represents the ancient Tegianum a municipal town of Lucania, made
into a colony by Nero, of which the ruins can be traced at the foot
of the hill, with an ancient Roman bridge. An Oscan sepulchral
inscription in Greek letters has been found here (cf. W. Corssen in
Ephemeris Epigra flea, n. 153). It possesses a castle, several
churches of some interest, and three conventual buildings. In 1497
it was strong enough to resist, under Antonio Sanseverino of
Salerno, the siege undertaken by Frederick of Aragon. (T. As.)
St. Cono was born in Teggiano in southern Italy in the 1100s. He
became a Benedictine monk and went on to perform numerous miracles.
His remains were later embedded in a statue in the church of Santa
Maria Maggiore. Many ancestors of Teggiano, Sassano, and the Vallo
di Diano have adapted San Cono as their patron saint.
On the first Sunday in June, residents of Teggiano go to the town's
cathedral and gather up the remains of their patron saint, San Cono,
and escort them in procession around town. A stream of lambs and
calves are herded along too, and bringing up the rear are a flock of
young virgins, both male and female, wearing complex waxen.
Festivals for San Cono are held throughout the world at different
times of the year, including Brooklyn, New York, Buenos Aries,
Argentina, Montreal, Canada, and in Venezuela. Dates celebrated
include Sundays in June, which marks the patron festivity and the
death of Cono, and September 27, which celebrates the transition of
the remains of San Cono from Cadossa to Teggiano.
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